Udaya R. Wagle of Western Michigan University has an article available entitled “Limited but Evolving: The Political Economy of Social Protections in Nepal.”
It is a study of Nepal’s awakening to the idea of social protection in the 1990s. While comparable by Asian and particularly South Asian standards, these protections are limited and inconsistent.
This article takes stock of social protection policies in Nepal with particular emphasis on the extent of coverage relative to needs. It explores the political economy, demand and political contexts to explain why social protections have developed the way they have in Nepal’s modern history.
The understanding of Nepal’s struggle with this globally contested issue also helps draw parallels to other low-income countries.