“Local Versus National Identity in Hong Kong, 1998–2017” (DOI: 10.1080/ 00472336.2020.1799235) is a new article at JCA, and comes at a particularly important time for Hong Kong. The article, based on surveys and other data, is by Kevin Tze-Wai Wong, Victor Zheng and Po-San Wan, all of the Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies at the The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
The abstract states:
In understanding why the proportion of Hong Kong people whose local identity overshadows their national identity has been increasing in the past decade, two perspectives have been considered: the birth cohort and the periodic perspectives. However, because previous studies have been based on cross-sectional surveys, they have failed to examine both cohort and period effects on trends in identification in Hong Kong. A cross-sectional survey approach has two limitations: (i) an inability to distinguish the net effects of cohort from that of age, in that there is an exact linear dependency between age and cohort; and (ii) a lack of information on periodic variables. In order to overcome these limitations, this article is based on a pooled dataset of longitudinal surveys combined with official statistics from 1998 to 2017 and employs an age-period-cohort analysis. It is found that both cohort and period effects have contributed to the strengthening of local identity in the past decade. Those born in the 1980s or later are more likely to identify as Hongkongers than as Chinese. An influx of tourists from mainland China and a decrease in satisfaction with the central government have also contributed to the rise of a local over a national identity.