“The Fulfilment of Election Pledges in India” (DOI: 10.1080/00472336.2022.2114101) is a new article authored by Pankaj Adhikari of the School of Social Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, Sania Mariam of the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay-Monash Research Academy, and Robert Thomson also of the School of Social Sciences at Monash University.
The abstract for the paper states:
The central idea of promissory representation is that parties make promises to voters during election campaigns and then fulfil those promises after elections if they have the power to do so. Until now, most comparative research on the making, breaking, and keeping of parties’ campaign promises, or “election pledges,” has considered Western democracies.
The present study examines pledge fulfilment in India, focusing on pledges made by the two main Indian parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Congress at the 2009 and 2014 national parliamentary elections. The evidence indicates that election pledges are prominent parts of electoral discourse and policymaking in India, as they are in Western countries. However, the form of pledge making and keeping is characterised by the distinctive features of Indian politics, notably the prevalence of valence politics on socio-economic issues and identity politics on issues relating to religion, castes and tribes, and gender.